Presented to a panel at the WTO Public Forum 2018.
Presentation focuses on:
- Trends in Ecuador’s foreign trade and production.
- Public policies to promote change in productive matrix
- Public policies to promote productivity and competitiveness
- Policies to promote clusters, regional innovation strategies, smart specialization and internationalization of SMEs.
- Between 75 and 84 % of Ecuador’s exports are primary products
- This has been the case particularly during the last decade, with high oil and other commodity prices.
- Even among Industrialized Products Exports, most are based on Natural Resources (Fish and Seafood, Cocoa, Coffee).
- High Technology Intensity Products are 2-6 % of Manufacturing Exports
- In contrast, the incorporated technological intensity of manufacturing imports to Ecuador is much higher.
- Nearly 40 % have Medium Technology Intensity, and 15-18 % have High Intensity
- Some export diversification strategies are presented, geared towards moving to products with a higher level of technological complexity and added value.
- Policies to promote greater productivity and competitiveness are presented.