Thursday, October 4, 2018

International Trade, Technological Innovation and Public Policies: the case of Ecuador

Presentation on "International Trade, Technological Innovation and Public Policies: the case of Ecuador".

Presented to a panel at the WTO Public Forum 2018.

Presentation focuses on:


  • Trends in Ecuador’s foreign trade and production.
  • Public policies to promote change in productive matrix
  • Public policies to promote productivity and competitiveness
  • Policies to promote clusters, regional innovation strategies, smart specialization and internationalization of SMEs.

Some highlights:

  • Between 75 and 84 % of Ecuador’s exports are primary products
  • This has been the case particularly during the last decade, with high oil and other commodity prices.
  • Even among Industrialized Products Exports, most are based on Natural Resources (Fish and Seafood, Cocoa, Coffee).
  • High Technology Intensity Products are 2-6 % of Manufacturing Exports
  • In contrast, the incorporated technological intensity of manufacturing imports to Ecuador is much higher.
  • Nearly 40 % have Medium Technology Intensity, and 15-18 % have High Intensity
  • Some export diversification strategies are presented, geared towards moving to products with a higher level of technological complexity and added value.
  • Policies to promote greater productivity and competitiveness are presented. 
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1v_PNUaeZpcQpBNYfEr9HVUMg95mjOYZB/view?usp=sharing


Friday, September 21, 2018

Best practices in the integration of Circular Economy & SDG concepts in entrepreneurial strategies

Best practices in the integration of #circulareconomy & #SDG concepts in entrepreneurial strategies in the #EU, Latin America & the Caribbean.

Includes Iskraemeco, Pacari, Las Tacuaras NutriHUEVOS, Ananas Anam (Piñatex), Better Future Factory, Neptuno Pumps.

EU-LAC Foundation

@eulacfoundation 

https://eulacfoundation.org/en/news/winners-best-practices-integration-circular-economy-and-sdg-concepts-entrepreneurial-strategies

Mejores prácticas en la integración de los conceptos de #economiacircular y #ODS en estrategias empresariales en la #UE, América Latina y el #Caribe.

Incluye Iskraemeco, @pacari @nutriHUEVOS @PinatexOfficial @BFF_design @neptunopumps

Fundación EU-LAC

https://eulacfoundation.org/es/noticias/ganadores-de-las-mejores-prácticas-de-economía-circular-e-integración-de-ods-en-estrategias


New study on financing the transition to renewable energy

Nueva publicación sobre el financiamiento de energía renovable, en cuya edición tuve el gusto de participar.

La Fundación EU-LAC ha publicado un estudio pionero sobre “Financiamiento de la transición a energía renovable en la Unión Europea, América Latina y el Caribe".

El estudio, desarrollado como parte de las Convocatorias Abiertas de Investigación de la Fundación, fue escrito por un grupo de autores que incluyen a: Miguel Vázquez, Michelle Hallack, Gustavo Andreão, Alberto Tomelin, Felipe Botelho, Yannick Pérez y Matteo di Castelnuovo.

La transición hacia sistemas de energía más sostenibles tiene una variedad de implicaciones para los países de la Unión Europea (UE) y América Latina y el Caribe (ALC). Estos incluyen: garantizar y diversificar el suministro de electricidad a una población creciente; el potencial para la creación de empleo y el desarrollo económico e industrial; y los rápidos avances tecnológicos hacia soluciones rentables.

Este estudio se centra en el análisis de los mecanismos de financiación de las tecnologías de energía renovable en la UE y los países de ALC

https://eulacfoundation.org/es/documentos/financiamiento-de-la-transición-energ%C3%ADa-renovable-en-la-ue-américa-latina-y-el-caribe

New publication on financing renewable energy, which I participated in editing.

The EU-LAC Foundation has published a ground-breaking study on “Financing the transition to renewable energy in the European Union, Latin America and the Caribbean”.

The study, developed as part of the Foundation’s Open Calls for Research, was written by a group of authors that include: Miguel Vazquez, Michelle Hallack, Gustavo Andreão, Alberto Tomelin, Felipe Botelho, Yannick Perez and Matteo di Castelnuovo.

The transition to more sustainable energy systems has a variety of implications for the European Union (EU) and Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) countries. These include: ensuring and diversifying electricity supply to an increasing population; the potential for job creation and economic and industrial development; and the fast technology advancements towards cost-effective solutions.

This study is focused on the analysis of financing mechanisms for renewable energy technologies in the EU and LAC countries



Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Philanthropies pledge $459 million to save forests, fight climate change

By Sebastien MaloSAN FRANCISCO, Sept 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Leading philanthropists pledged hundreds of millions of dollars to rescue shrinking tropical forests that suck heat-trapping carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, on the eve of a global climate change summit in San Francisco. 
Nine foundations announced the $459 million commitment, to be delivered over the next four years, a day ahead of the Global Climate Action Summit, which is expected to draw about 4,500 delegates from city and regional governments."While the world heats up, many of our governments have been slow - slow to act. And so we in philanthropy must step up," Darren Walker, president of the Ford Foundation, told journalists at an event announcing the pledge.
Includes Ford Foundation MacArthur Foundation and The Rockefeller Foundation

#climatechange #sustainable #forestry #rainforests

Friday, August 3, 2018

Many economists see a recession coming (as they did in 2007)

I always get peeved when I read that "there were no economists that saw the 2008 Great Recession coming".

These two articles list 9 different economists that predicted the 2008 Great Recession fairly accurately.

https://www.ft.com/content/452dc484-9bdc-11de-b214-00144feabdc0

https://www.intheblack.com/articles/2015/07/07/6-economists-who-predicted-the-global-financial-crisis-and-why-we-should-listen-to-them-from-now-on

In a note I wrote in Facebook (remember "Notes"?), I also mention that Paul Krugman and Joseph Stiglitz had written about the housing bubble, the growing concern with mortgage backed securities and the financial sector.

https://www.facebook.com/notes/luis-fierro/krugman-stiglitz-and-economic-predictions/35305544241/

Now, several economists (including me) are warning that there are growing signs of an upcoming recession. These include:

- overvalued stock market, at twice the historical average cyclically adjusted price-to-earnings ratio (CAPE)

- a new housing bubble

- growing personal, corporate and public debt

- rise in loan delinquencies and mortgage fraud

- interest rates are close to "inversion" (long term rates lower than short-term rates).

- lower long-term confidence.

- past due a recession based on the solar cycle models.

To these cyclical factors, we have to add the impact of Trump's trade wars; as well as the effect on oil prices of Trump's reneging on the Iran nuclear deal, and the collapse of oil production in Venezuela.

Here are some other signs:

https://www.gobankingrates.com/making-money/economy/recession-warning-signs/#3

So please, in 2020, I hope they won't say nobody saw the recession coming!


Nuevo estudio sobre programas de formación para la internacionalización de las Pymes de América Latina

Nueva publicación de la Fundación EU-LAC Foundation sobre las Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas Latinoamericanas y los dispositivos de capacitación y formación para su internacionalización.‬
Estudio de CERALE ESCP Europe con apoyo de la Fundación y del Institut des Amériques
Tuve el gusto de participar en su edición.

Autores del capitulo sobre #Ecuador:Wilson Araque, Andrés Arguello y Germán Granda, Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar - Sede Ecuador